What Is The Symbol Of Judiciary In Our Country?

What is the judicial symbol?

Lady Justice (Latin: Iustitia) is an allegorical personification of the moral force in judicial systems.

Her attributes are a blindfold, a beam balance, and a sword..

Why do we need judiciary?

The real ‘meaning of law’ is what the judges decide during the course of giving their judgements in various cases. From the citizen’s point of view, Judiciary is the most important organ of the government because it acts as their protector against the possible excesses of legislative and executive organs.

What is the role of Indian judiciary?

Judiciary is the third very important organ of Indian Government. Other two organs are Legislature and Executive. … Judiciary is the guardian of the human rights, protector of the constitution and promoter of peace and cordiality in India. It check and balance the legislative or executive actions of the Government.

How many courts are in India?

There are 25 High Courts at the state level. Article 141 of the Constitution of India mandates that they are bound by the judgements and orders of the Supreme Court of India by precedence. These courts have jurisdiction over a state, a union territory or a group of states and union territories.

What is the role of judiciary in the Philippines?

The Judicial branch evaluates laws. It holds the power to settle controversies involving rights that are legally demandable and enforceable. This branch determines whether or not there has been a grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction on the part and instrumentality of the government.

Which is the highest judiciary in our country?

Supreme Court1. Supreme Court: It is the Apex court of the country and was constituted on 28th January 1950. It is the highest court of appeal and enjoys both original suits and appeals of High Court judgments. The Supreme Court is comprised of the Chief Justice of India and 25 other judges.

What is judiciary in the Philippines?

The Philippine Judiciary is a hierarchical organization consisting of four levels, with the Supreme Court at the top tier exercising administrative supervision over all courts and court personnel and wielding jurisdiction to “review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm on appeal or certiorari, as the law or the Rules of …

Who was the first woman judge of Supreme Court?

Fathima BeeviList of Judges in chronologyS. No.NameNotes1Fathima Beevifirst female judge of the Supreme Court of India2Sujata Manohar3Ruma Pallongest-serving female judge of the Supreme Court of India4Gyan Sudha Misra4 more rows

What are the powers of judiciary?

Judicial power is the power “of a court to decide and pronounce a judgment and carry it into effect between persons and parties who bring a case before it for decision.”139 It is “the right to determine actual controversies arising between diverse litigants, duly instituted in courts of proper jurisdiction.”140 The …

Who is head of the judiciary?

The current chief justice is John Roberts (since 2005).

How many high courts are there in India in 2020?

25 High CourtsThere are 25 High Courts in India, six having control over more than one State/UT. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India.

Which is the lowest court in India?

On criminal side the lowest court is that of the Judicial Magistrate. Civil Judge (Junior Division) decides civil cases of small pecuniary stake. Judicial Magistrates decide criminal cases which are punishable with imprisonment of up to five years.

Who introduced the judicial system in India?

The beginning of Indian common law is traced back to 1726 when a Mayor’s Court in Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta was established by the East India Company. This was the first sign of Company’s transformation from a trading company to a ruling power with the added flavour of new elements of the Judiciary.

What are the 3 branches of Philippine government?

This system revolves around three separate and sovereign yet interdependent branches: the legislative branch (the law-making body), the executive branch (the law-enforcing body), and the judicial branch (the law-interpreting body). Executive power is exercised by the government under the leadership of the president.

What is the symbol of judiciary in India?

The Lady Justice is a metaphorical personification of the moral force in judicial systems. Her attributes are a blindfold, a balance, and a sword. Lady Justice is also known as Iustitia or Justitia after Latin: Iustitia, the Roman goddess of Justice, who is equivalent to the Greek goddess Themis and Dike.

Which is the highest court in India?

The Supreme Court of IndiaThe Supreme Court of India comprises the Chief Justice and 30 other Judges appointed by the President of India. Supreme Court Judges retire upon attaining the age of 65 years.

Are judges corrupt in India?

Just like any evolving nation, India’s judicial system does have many legal loopholes that hide the corrupt nature of the protectors of the law. One of the major loopholes is that there is no provision in the constitution to register a case against a judge accused of corruption without the permission of the CJI.

What would happen if there was no judiciary?

If there had been no judiciary, then the rights of the individuals might not have been conserved. People would have faced partiality, humiliation, discrimination, violence in every field.